Poetry is a versatile creative writing style that is constantly changing and expanding its breadth. For a novice, the differences in poetic forms may seem obscure, or tough to decipher, but don’t worry! We make it super simple to choose what type of poem you like the best with our Poetic Forms list.

 

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   Poetic Forms    

1.

Abecedarian
In an Abecedarian poem, each line or stanza begins with the first letter of the alphabet and is followed by the successive letter, from A-Z.

3.

Anaphora
In an Anaphora, successive phrases or lines begin with the same words, slightly resembling a litany.

5.

Blues Poem
Blues Poems stem from the African American oral tradition and the musical tradition of the blues. Common themes are struggle, hardship, and romantic relationships.

7.

Epigram
An epigram is a satirical saying around a single thought. These poems are short but memorably witty and written in verse or rhyming.

9.

Haiku
A traditional Japanese haiku depicts images in a beautifully straightforward manner. It is composed of three lines in a 5/7/5 syllable count.

11.

Pantoum
The modern pantoum is made up of four-line stanzas. Lines 2 and 4 of each stanza become lines 1 and 3 of the consecutive stanza. Often the first line of the poem will also be the last.

2.

Acrostic
Acrostic poems are derived from the abecedarian. They spell out names or words through the first letter of each line.

4.

Ballad
A typical ballad tells a story with one or more characters. The events are described quickly and dramatically, rhyming either the second and fourth lines, or all alternating lines.

6.

Cinquain/Quintet
This type of poem is composed of five lines and usually follows the rhyme scheme of ababb, abaab or abccb.

8.

Epistle
An Epistle is a poem in the form of a letter. They are directly addressed and content can range from intimate to formal.

10.

Lyrics
Lyrics can take many forms, but typically feature a verse, bridge, refrain pattern. Rhymes may be on alternating or consecutive lines.

12.

Triolet
A triolet has 8 lines. Lines 1, 4 , and 7 are the same. Lines 2 and 8 are also the same. The rhyme scheme must therefore follow the precedent set by the first two lines.